Then how does it come that a CD that plays on my standalone CD player without any pop or any other error, makes that difficulties on extraction?

Standalone CD players perform oversampling and some more error correction. Further, if the error is too big to be corrected, it will perform “error hiding”. That means that the player will hide the error in a way that it is not audible to the common listener. These additional techniques are not implemented in the CD-ROM drives, thus the uncorrected data is given back.